The 2013-14 Budget Act introduced the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF), dramatically reforming California’s educational funding system. The goal of the LCFF is to significantly simplify how state funding is provided to school districts. Under the new funding system, revenue limits and most state categorical programs are eliminated. Instead, the LCFF provides districts with base grants depending on their enrollment counts in specific grade-spans. Supplemental and concentration grants are also awarded for the numbers of English Learners, foster youth, and students eligible for free and reduced-price meals enrolled in the district. Supplemental and concentration funds are to be used to increase and improve services and outcomes for these targeted student populations.
Additionally, the LCFF institutes a change in a school district’s accountability for funding, as it requires that the district create, with input from all of the educational stakeholders, a three-year Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP). The LCAP is a plan of action to raise the academic performance of all students through transparency and equity. The LCAP must be developed to include goals aligned with state and local priorities, specific actions aligned to meet those specific goals, and a budget aligned to fund those specific actions. The LCAP must also include annual updates that focus on services and outcomes for all students, with emphasis on those targeting the specific populations of English Learners, foster youth, and low income students.
COVID-19 Operations Report
Executive Order N-56-20 requires that all LEAs complete a written report to explain the changes to program offerings that the LEA has made in response to school closures to address the COVID-19 emergency, the major impacts of such closures on students and families, and a description of how the LEA is meeting the needs of its unduplicated students.
The LCAP is a three-year plan that describes the goals, actions, services, and expenditures to support positive student outcomes that address state and local priorities. The LCAP provides an opportunity for local educational agencies (LEAs) to share their stories of how, what, and why programs and services are selected to meet their local needs.
The LCAP Federal Addendum is meant to supplement the LCAP to ensure that eligible LEAs have the opportunity to meet the Local Educational Agency (LEA) Plan provisions of ESSA. California's ESSA State Plan significantly shifts the state's approach to the utilization of federal resources in support of underserved student groups. This LCAP Federal Addendum provides LEAs with the opportunity to document their approach to maximizing the impact of federal investments in support of underserved students.
The Learning Continuity and Attendance Plan (Learning Continuity Plan) is a key part of the overall budget package for K-12 that seeks to address funding stability for schools while providing information at the local educational agency (LEA) level for how student learning continuity will be addressed during the COVID-19 crisis into the 2020/21 school year. The provisions for the plan were approved by the Governor and Legislature in June in SB 98 and can be found in Education Code Section 43509.
The Learning Continuity Plan is intended to balance the needs of all stakeholders to include educators, parents, student, and community members while both streamlining engagement and condensing several preexisting plans. In particular, it was important to combine (1) the intent behind Executive Order N-56-20, published in April 2020, which envisioned an off cycle Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) due December 15th, and (2) the ongoing need for LEAs to formally plan to return to school in the midst of the uncertainty and of COVID-19, without requiring two plans. The Learning Continuity Plan replaces the LCAP for the 2020/21 school year.